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J Hepatol. 1993;18 Suppl 2:S51-5.

Worldwide experience with the CR326F-derived inactivated hepatitis A virus vaccine in pediatric and adult populations: an overview.

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Merck Research Laboratories, West Point, PA.


The worldwide experience to date with VAQTA, a highly purified formalin-inactivated hepatitis A vaccine containing alum-adjuvant, is reviewed. No serious adverse experience related to vaccination has been reported. The vaccine has proven highly immunogenic, with seroconversion detectable after a single dose in 90-99% of children 2-16 years old, and of adults under 77 kg (170 lb) body weight. There is a trend toward lower one-dose seroconversion rates with increasing age and with weight > 77 kg. Early seroconversion in the latter groups may require two 25-unit doses given 2, 4 or 8 weeks apart, or a higher priming dose. Seroconversion induced by this vaccine has been shown to signify protection from clinical hepatitis A disease. The few vaccines whose titers have waned to borderline levels responded anamnestically to a booster, suggesting that the vaccine induces an immune memory response and should provide long-term protection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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