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Eur J Immunol. 1994 May;24(5):1122-9.

The biased V gamma gene usage in the synovial fluid of patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

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1
Department of Orthopedics, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

Taking advantage of the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), we have analyzed T cell receptor gamma-chain mRNA of synovial fluid gamma/delta T cells from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in comparison with those of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from RA patients and healthy individuals. The quantitative RT-PCR method in conjunction with nucleotide sequencing revealed the frequent usage of the V gamma 3 gene segment in RA synovial fluid mononuclear cells (SFMC) (p < 0.01) which in PBMC of healthy individuals occurred rarely. PBMC of most healthy individuals expressed the V gamma 9 gene predominantly (p < 0.01) as expected. However, only half of RA patients showed elevated levels of the V gamma 9 gene expression in their PBMC. The gamma-chain mRNA containing the V gamma 3 gene in RA SFMC showed no conserved junctional sequence (complementarity-determining region 3). To investigate the nature of ligands recognized by the V gamma 3-bearing T cells, we analyzed V gamma gene usage of RA SFMC, RA PBMC, and normal PBMC stimulated with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MT) or MT plus interleukin-2 since there is mounting evidence of high reactivity of RA SFMC to MT and mycobacterial heat-shock protein 65. However, the V gamma usage appeared to be mostly V gamma 9 in RA SFMC, RA PBMC and normal PBMC. Taken together these results suggest that an as yet unknown antigen(s) (other than MT) might select gamma/delta T cells expressing the V gamma 3 gene in RA SFMC.

PMID:
8181523
DOI:
10.1002/eji.1830240517
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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