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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1994 Jan;10(1):53-9.

Kinetic analysis of HIV-1 early replicative steps in a coculture system.

Author information

1
D├ępartement SIDA et R├ętrovirus, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.

Abstract

During an acute human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in vitro, different forms of unintegrated viral DNA accumulate in target cells. They include linear full-length HIV DNA molecules, which are the precursors of the integrated provirus, and two types of circular molecules (with one or two LTRs), whose role and mode of formation are not fully understood. To evaluate the intracellular fate of HIV unintegrated DNA, and to follow the formation of the two types of circular DNA molecules, the nuclear transport of viral DNA, and its integration in host cell DNA, we have designed a "DNA chase" assay. This assay is based on cocultivation of persistently HIV-1-infected H9 cells with uninfected MT4, allowing rapid accumulation of viral DNA, which is then blocked by addition of AZT. In this highly efficient, synchronous, one-step cycle infection system, HIV linear DNA can be detected on Southern blots as early as 4 hr after the start of the coculture. Subsequently, viral DNA that had been synthesized before the addition of AZT could be "chased," establishing that almost all linear DNA molecules are rapidly transported to the nucleus, where they are either processed into the two types of circles or integrated. We could estimate that from the number of viral DNA molecules synthesized in 6 hr in this system, at least a third will become integrated and another third will circularize within 24 hr.

PMID:
8179964
DOI:
10.1089/aid.1994.10.53
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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