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J Pediatr. 1994 May;124(5 Pt 1):721-5.

Serum levels of p60 soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor during acute Kawasaki disease.

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Department of Pediatrics, Yamaguchi University School of Medicine, Japan.


To evaluate the role of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) during acute Kawasaki disease, we measured p60 soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor (sT-NF-R) shedding into the circulation in 48 patients with acute Kawasaki disease, all of whom received intravenous infusions of gamma-globulin. Of the 48 patients, 5 had coronary artery lesions. Serum concentrations of p60 sTNF-R and TNF-alpha were measured by a sandwich enzyme immunoassay. Patients with Kawasaki disease had increased serum levels of p60 sTNF-R. We found a positive correlation between serum levels of p60 sTNF-R and levels of TNF alpha during acute Kawasaki disease. Moreover, patients with coronary artery lesions had higher levels of sTNF-R than did those without coronary artery lesions. Our findings indicate that p60 sTNF-R levels in serum may be useful for determining the severity of vascular damage during acute Kawasaki disease, and that patients with Kawasaki disease and high sTNF-R levels seem to be susceptible to coronary artery lesions even if they receive therapy with intravenous infusions of gamma-globulin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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