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Angiology. 1994 May;45(5):399-404.

Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations. Case reports and literature review.

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Abteilung Lungenchirurgie/Chirurgische Universitätsklinik, Klinikum der Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Germany.


Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVM) represent an uncommon disease with only 500 reported cases. To emphasize the resectional surgical standard, 2 patients with PAVM and pulmonary right-to-left shunt are presented and the optional treatments discussed. One patient had suffered from a cerebrovascular accident. The other patient's diagnosis resulted from a coincidental finding in connection with an unrelated illness. Because of the risk of acutely developing complications, especially disabling or fatal cerebral ischemia, therapy is generally recommended even in asymptomatic patients. The 2 patients presented here were treated by resection. Surgical treatment with a very low risk and parenchyma-sparing technique remains the golden standard for large isolated malformations. In addition to the established and reliable operative therapy, since 1978 catheter embolization is becoming the method of choice with an increasing range of indications in those centers experienced with this technique.

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