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EMBO J. 1994 Apr 15;13(8):1920-9.

The CD45 tyrosine phosphatase regulates specific pools of antigen receptor-associated p59fyn and CD4-associated p56lck tyrosine in human T-cells.

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Department of Immunology, AFRC Babraham Institute, Cambridge, UK.


A newly isolated T-cell line (CB1) derived from a T-acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL) patient contained cells (40% of total) which did not express the CD45 phosphotyrosine phosphatase. The cells were sorted into CD45- and CD45+ populations and shown to be clonal in origin. T-cell receptor (TCR) cross-linking or coligation of the TCR with its CD4/CD8 co-receptors induced tyrosine phosphorylation and calcium signals in CD45+ but not in CD45- cells. Unexpectedly, whole cell p56lck and p59fyn tyrosine kinase activities were not reduced in CD45- compared to CD45+ cells. A novel technique was therefore developed to isolated specific pools of aggregated receptors expressed at the cell surface, together with their associated tyrosine kinases. Using this technique it was shown that cell surface CD4-p56lck kinase activity was 78% lower in CD45- than in CD45+ cells. Phosphorylation of TCR zeta- and gamma-chains occurred in TCR immunocomplexes from CD45+ but not CD45- cells, despite comparable levels of p59fyn and TCR proteins. Furthermore, TCR-associated tyrosine kinase activity towards an exogenous substrate was 84% lower in CD45- than in CD45+ cells. Addition of recombinant p59fyn to TCR immunocomplexes isolated from CD45-cells restored the phosphorylation of the TCR zeta- and gamma-chains. Our results demonstrate that CD45 selectively regulates the pools of p59fyn and p56lck kinases which are associated with the TCR and CD4 at the cell surface. Activation by CD45 of these receptor-associated kinase pools correlates with the ability of the TCR and its coreceptors to couple to intracellular signalling pathways.

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