Send to

Choose Destination
J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1994 Apr;93(4):735-42.

Factors contributing to the occurrence and predictability of bronchial hyperresponsiveness to methacholine in children.

Author information

Pulmonary Department, KH-Lainz, Vienna, Austria.


Using a stepwise logistic regression analysis, we investigated clinical data, allergologic findings, spirometric data, and the cellular and humoral immune system in order to gain new insights into the role these parameters play in bronchial hyperresponsiveness to methacholine in children and to create a model for the prediction thereof. Bronchial hyperresponsiveness, which was found in 124 of 462 children (26.8%), was observed to have been influenced by an increased level of eosinophils, the positivity of the skin prick test for any of the allergens tested, a decreased baseline forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) (percent predicted), a decreased maximum expiratory flow at 50% expiration as a percent of forced vital capacity, and a decreased level of kappa-chain-assembled immunoglobulins. Logit analysis disclosed that the influence of all other parameters on the occurrence of bronchial hyperresponsiveness was of no further statistical significance. The degree of bronchial hyperresponsiveness (provocative dose causing a 20% fall in FEV1) showed a statistically significant correlation with the eosinophil count (Spearman's r = -0.198) and FEV1 (percent predicted) (Spearman's r= 0.203). Our findings suggest that allergic sensitization and eosinophilic reaction in children are major factors in contributing to the occurrence of bronchial hyperresponsiveness to methacholine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center