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Biochemistry. 1994 Apr 19;33(15):4639-44.

Stabilities of nucleotide loops bridging the pyrimidine strands in DNA pyrimidine.purine.pyrimidine triplexes: special stability of the CTTTG loop.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Rochester, New York 14627.


Recent studies of DNA hairpin loops have shown considerable dependence of the stability on the sequence of the loop [Senior, M., Jones, R. A., & Breslauer, K. J. (1988a) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 85, 6242-6246; Xodo, L. E., Manzini, G., Quadrifoglio, F., van der Marel, G., & van Boom, J. H. (1989) Biochimie 71, 793-803; Hirao, I., Nishimura, Y., Tagawa, Y., Watanabe, K., & Miura, K. (1992) Nucleic Acids Res. 20, 3891-3896]. Analogous studies have not, until now, been carried out with loops in triple helices. We report the results from experiments in which we examine the relative stabilities of pentanucleotide loops that bridge between the pyrimidine strands in DNA pyr.pur.pyr triple helices. There are two types of loops that are defined by the relative orientation of the purine strand: a 5'-loop and a 3'-loop. The sequences examined in this study are the bimolecular triplexes formed between 5'-dTTCTTTTCL1TTTL5CTTTTCTT (loop nucleotides are underlined, and L1 and L5 represent varied nucleotides) and the two purine strands, 5'-dAAGAAAAG-3' and 5'-dGAAAAGAA-3'. The first and last nucleotides in the loop are varied, since stacking interactions may be strongest at these positions [Senior et al., 1988a; Senior, M., Jones, R. A., & Breslauer, K. J. (1988b) Biochemistry 27, 3879-3885], and we examine 14 sequence combinations for each loop type. Thermal denaturation studies carried out at pH 7.0 indicate considerable variation in the stabilities of these loops.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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