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Jpn J Clin Oncol. 1994 Apr;24(2):101-5.

Surgical treatment of stage III lung cancer after chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

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  • 1Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Yongdong Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


We have experienced eight patients with advanced bronchogenic carcinomas who underwent resectional surgery after receiving preoperative adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy during the period March, 1990, to February, 1992. Four patients were in stage IIIA and four in stage IIIB, of which six had epidermoid carcinomas and two small cell carcinomas. All patients were male with ages ranging from 48 to 73 (mean 56.7) years. The induction chemotherapy for six patients consisted of cisplatin and VP-16 (Etoposide) only, and two patients were given fluorouracil/cyclophosphamide and cyclophosphamide/adriamycin/cisplatin in addition to cisplatin/VP-16, respectively. All patients also received four to six weeks of radiotherapy following chemotherapy and were re-evaluated for the possibility of surgery after four weeks of observation. All patients underwent pneumonectomies. Postoperative histological staging revealed complete responses in two patients, partial responses in three and no response in three. Patients were followed-up for seven to 33 (mean 21.5) months after the diagnosis of lung cancer. Six patients died 1, 2, 3, 10, 14 and 26 months postoperatively and two patients are alive, revealing no evidence of tumor recurrence 24 months postoperatively. Induction therapy may induce a better resectability by the conversion of the lung cancer to a lower clinical stage by the time of surgery.

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