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J Natl Cancer Inst. 1994 May 4;86(9):681-7.

Cytoplasmic accumulation of p53 protein: an independent prognostic indicator in colorectal adenocarcinomas.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, University of Milan School of Medicine, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Aberrations of the p53 gene (also known as TP53) frequently lead to the synthesis of mutant proteins that accumulate in the nuclei and/or cytoplasm of neoplastic cells. Intracellular p53 protein accumulation may be an unfavorable prognostic parameter in breast, lung, ovarian, gastric, and colorectal cancers. Specific classes of p53 gene mutations, assayed by characteristic subcellular p53 protein accumulation patterns, may be useful prognostic indicators.

PURPOSE:

The prognostic value of nuclear and cytoplasmic p53 protein accumulation in the tumor cells of patients with colorectal carcinoma was studied.

METHODS:

Antibodies PAb 1801 and CM1 were used for immunocytochemical assay of nuclear and cytoplasmic p53 protein accumulation in a retrospective series of colorectal carcinoma samples obtained from 206 patients who were followed for at least 5 years. Results were correlated with the following clinicopathologic parameters: patient sex and age; tumor site, stage, and grade; and DNA ploidy status of the tumors. Overall survival and disease-free survival were analyzed with the Kaplan-Meier method. Differences in distributions were analyzed using the Mantel-Cox method. Multivariate analysis was performed with the Cox proportional hazards model.

RESULTS:

Immunostaining with PAb 1801 revealed nuclear p53 accumulation in 46% (95) of 206 cases, whereas CM1 immunostaining of 197 cases showed nuclear and cytoplasmic p53 accumulation in 33% (65 cases) and 50% (99 cases) of the cases, respectively. In univariate analysis, both nuclear p53PAb 1801 and cytoplasmic p53CM1 protein accumulations were significantly associated with poor overall survival (P = .0198 and P = .0017, respectively) and with disease-free survival (P = .004 and P = .0016, respectively). When patients were analyzed according to site of their tumors, nuclear p53PAb 1801 protein accumulation was statistically significant only in the right colon (P = .027), whereas cytoplasmic p53CM1 protein accumulation was statistically significant in the left colon and rectum (P = .0016). In multivariate analysis, only cytoplasmic p53CM1 protein accumulation was associated with poor overall survival and with disease-free survival (P = .006 and P = .002, respectively). With the addition of DNA ploidy status, however, cytoplasmic p53CM1 protein accumulation remained significant only for disease-free survival (P = .035). In patients with tumors of the left colon and rectum, cytoplasmic p53CM1 protein accumulation was the most significant prognostic indicator for overall survival (P = .007) and disease-free survival (P = .002) after disease stage.

CONCLUSION:

Cytoplasmic p53CM1 protein accumulation, but not nuclear p53PAb 1801 protein accumulation, is an independent prognostic parameter in patients with colorectal carcinomas.

IMPLICATIONS:

Cytoplasmic p53CM1 accumulation may be a useful indicator of patients at high risk for disease recurrence who may benefit from aggressive adjuvant therapy.

PMID:
8158699
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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