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J Neurol Sci. 1994 Feb;121(2):125-31.

Reactive microglia in multiple sclerosis lesions have an increased expression of receptors for the Fc part of IgG.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Gade Institute, University of Bergen, Norway.


Receptors for the Fc part of IgG, FcRI (CD64), FcRII (CD32), and FcRIII (CD16) were studied by indirect immunoperoxidase staining of cryostat sections from normal and multiple sclerosis (MS) brains. Microglia in the parenchyma of normal white matter had a dendritic morphology, and were weakly stained by monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to FcRI, FcRII, and FcRIII. In active MS lesions reactive microglia were strongly stained by the mAbs 32.2 (FcRI), IV-3 (FcRII), and 3G8 (FcRIII). Perivascular macrophages were stained by all anti-FcR mAbs in both normal white matter and in MS lesions, whereas endothelial cells were stained by the anti-FcRIII mAb only. The FcR on microglia and perivascular macrophages may be of functional importance in antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC), phagocytosis, and local immunoregulation. FcR on endothelium may be of importance in binding and transportation of immune complexes into the CNS. FcR mediated functions may consequently be highly relevant to the pathogenesis of MS.

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