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Biochemistry. 1994 Apr 12;33(14):4231-6.

Protein folding activities of Escherichia coli protein disulfide isomerase.

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Department of Cell Culture and Fermentation, Research and Development, Genentech, Inc., South San Francisco, California 94080.


DsbA is an Escherichia coli periplasmic protein that mediates disulfide bond formation in newly secreted proteins in vivo. Addition of thiol reagents to purified dsbA reduces its disulfide bond and yields disulfide isomerase activity after removal of the thiol reagent. DsbA can catalyze the conversion of a stable misfolded protein, misfolded IGF-I (mis-IGF-I), to its correctly folded conformation under physiological conditions. This conversion is the result of breaking and re-forming two disulfide bonds. The uncatalyzed rate of this reaction is undetectable. Kinetic analysis of the reaction yielded a Km of 43 microM and a kcat of 0.2 min-1. The oxidized form of dsbA stimulates the oxidative folding of completely reduced IGF-I at pH 7.0. Thus, dsbA has two possible functions depending on its redox state. The reduced form of the protein is a disulfide isomerase while the oxidized protein can assist formation of disulfide bonds in reduced substrates under physiological conditions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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