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Anal Chem. 1994 Mar 1;66(5):596-602.

On-line coupling of in vivo microdialysis sampling with capillary electrophoresis.

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  • 1Center for Bioanalytical Research, University of Kansas, Lawrence 66047.


Microdialysis sampling has become an important means of continuously monitoring reactions in vivo. This sampling technique places a constraint on the analysis method because of the very small sample volume provided. On the other hand, microdialysis provides the advantage of clean samples that do not require cleanup prior to analysis. An on-line coupling of microdialysis sampling to capillary electrophoretic (CE) analysis is described that uses the advantages of microcolumn separations to overcome the small volume limitation. An interface was designed which converts the continuous microdialysis sample stream into discrete 60-nL sample plugs and then injects a portion of this plug into the CE system. The on-line interface provided precision of 2.6% with minimal band broadening or peak height loss relative to off-line sampling. Using a high-speed micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC) separation, resolution of the investigational antineoplastic SR 4233 from its main metabolite SR 4317 was achieved in less than 60 s. This allowed the on-line system to achieve a 90-s temporal resolution for determining the pharmacokinetics of SR 4233 in vivo.

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