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Am J Public Health. 1994 Apr;84(4):612-7.

Factors associated with the use of violence among urban black adolescents.

Author information

1
Division of Adolescent/Young Adult Medicine, Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study was to examine social and psychological factors associated with the use and nonuse of violence among Black adolescents living in a community with a high level of violent crime.

METHODS:

Adolescents (n = 225, 44% male) 11 to 19 years of age living in or around nine housing projects in an urban area were administered an anonymous questionnaire.

RESULTS:

Self-reported use of violence was associated with exposure to violence and personal victimization, hopelessness, depression, family conflict, previous corporal punishment, purpose in life, self-assessment of the probability of being alive at age 25, and age and was higher among males.

CONCLUSIONS:

These data support the hypothesis that exposure to violence is associated with adolescents' self-reported use of violence. However, adolescents with a higher sense of purpose in life and less depression were better able to withstand the influence of exposure to violence in the home and in the community.

PMID:
8154565
PMCID:
PMC1614778
DOI:
10.2105/ajph.84.4.612
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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