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Neuropharmacology. 1993 Dec;32(12):1337-50.

Patch clamp studies on the kinetics and selectivity of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonism by memantine (1-amino-3,5-dimethyladamantan).

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, Merz + Co.GmbH&Co., Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Abstract

Memantine (1-amino-3,5-dimethyladamantan) was tested as an antagonist of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors on cultured superior collicular and hippocampal neurones using the patch clamp technique and its actions were compared to those of Mg2+ ions, ketamine, dextrorphan, dextromethorphan, phencyclidine and dizocilpine (MK-801). Memantine (2-33 microM) concentration-dependently antagonized responses to NMDA 100 microM with an IC50 of 2.92 +/- 0.05 microM. In contrast, current responses to (S)-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (L-AMPA 50-100 microM) and gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA 10 microM) were unaffected by Memantine 8 microM. Memantine 8 microM caused a non-parallel shift of the NMDA concentration-response curve to the right in a manner indicative of uncompetitive open channel block. The effects of memantine were similar to ketamine in that both antagonists were weakly use- and strongly voltage-dependent. In contrast, MK-801, phencyclidine and dextrorphan showed much slower kinetics that was reflected in their marked use- and weaker voltage-dependency. The antagonistic effects of memantine were not reversed by increasing concentrations of glycine (0.1-100 microM) ruling out the possibility of an interaction of memantine with the strychnine-insensitive glycine modulatory site associated with the NMDA receptor-channel complex. Memantine (1-100 microM) also selectively antagonized responses to NMDA (40 microM) in the cortical wedge preparation with IC50 of 12.9 +/- 1.5 microM.

PMID:
8152525
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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