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Life Sci. 1994;54(16):PL271-5.

Kainic acid and 4-aminopyridine seizure models in mice: evaluation of efficacy of anti-epileptic agents and calcium antagonists.

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Biology Department, Fisons Pharmaceuticals, Rochester, NY 14603.


Seizures may be induced in mice in response to stimulation of subtypes of glutamate receptors by kainic acid or inhibition of certain voltage-dependent potassium channels by 4-aminopyridine (4-AP). The anti-seizure efficacy of intraperitoneally administered anticonvulsants and Ca++ antagonists to CF-1 mice was tested using these models. The order of potency for prevention of kainate convulsions and the subsequent lethality was: dihydropyridine Ca++ antagonists (nicardipine, nisoldipine > nitrendipine > nifedipine > nimodipine) followed by verapamil > prenylamine > diltiazem > flunarizine > remacemide HCl > ethosuximide > valproate. In the 4-AP model the order of potency to prevent hind limb tonic extension was: MK801(+/-) > lamotrigine > phenytoin, phenobarbital > carbamazepine > FPL 12495AA (the desglycine metabolite of remacemide HCl), remacemide HCl > flunarizine > prenylamine >>> valproate. Therefore, compounds that limit activation of kainate receptors and voltage-operated linked calcium channels are active in the kainate model. Agents effective against maximal electroshock appear to be effective in the 4-AP model.

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