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J Med Chem. 1994 Apr 1;37(7):950-62.

Development of a receptor-interaction model for serotonin 5-HT2 receptor antagonists. Predicting selectivity with respect to dopamine D2 receptors.

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H. Lundbeck A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark.


A receptor-interaction model for serotonin 5-HT2 receptor antagonists has been developed by conformational analysis with molecular mechanics (MM2(91)) and superimposition studies of serotonin 5-HT2 receptor antagonists. Substituted 3-(4-piperidinyl)-,1-(4- piperidinyl)-,3-(1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridin-4-yl)-, and 1-(1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridin-4-yl)-1H-indoles, substituted 3-(4-fluorophenyl)-1-(4-piperazinyl)indans, cyprohepatadine derivatives, ritanserin, and danitracene have been used as bases for the model. Other serotonin 5-HT2 receptor antagonists, such as ketanserin and MDL 11,939, are well accommodated into the model. Comparison of the model with a recently described receptor-interaction model for dopamine D2 receptor antagonists suggests a common pharmacophore for dopamine D2 and serotonin 5-HT2 receptor antagonists. Important steric differences between 5-HT2 receptor antagonists with additional high affinity for dopamine D2 receptors and serotonin 5-HT2 receptor antagonists with high selectivity versus D2 receptors are described. The geometry of the receptor-interaction model described is significantly different from that of a recently reported receptor-interaction model for 5-HT2 receptor agonists and antagonists developed by use of (+)-LSD as a template, suggesting the existence of two binding modes at the 5-HT2 receptor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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