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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1994 Feb 15;116(2):215-9.

Mineralization of monofluorobenzoate by a diculture under sulfate-reducing conditions.

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1
Fachbereich Biologie, AG Mikrobiologie, Universit├Ąt Oldenburg, FRG.

Abstract

A mesophilic, dehalogenating, sulfate-reducing diculture was isolated from an anaerobic lake sediment. One strain of the diculture is proposed to be an endospore-forming Desulfotomaculum species, the second strain was a vibrioid, motile and non-sporeforming species which is tentatively assigned to the genus Desulfovibrio. The diculture was able to mineralize 4- and 2-fluorobenzoate both isomers being incompletely oxidized with the release of acetate, which was subsequently used by both sulfate-reducing strains. Other electron donors used for growth included benzoate, 3- and 4-hydroxybenzoate, protocatechuate, catechol, phenol, 2,5-dimethoxyphenol, fatty acids up to C8, malate and pyruvate. The culture obtained from a freshwater habitat grew optimally at NaCl concentrations of 0.3-0.5 g l-1, 33-37 degrees C, and pH 7.4. Our experiments showed that certain fluorinated aromatic hydrocarbons could serve as sole sources of carbon and energy for sulfate-reducing bacteria.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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