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Brain Res. 1993 Dec 31;632(1-2):239-48.

Microcircuitry of posterior cingulate cortex in vitro: electrophysiology and laminar analysis using the current source density method.

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Department of Neuroscience, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461.

Erratum in

  • Brain Res 1994 May 30;647(1):177-9.


We used current source density (CSD) analysis of a laminar profile of subicular stimulus-evoked field potentials recorded in cortical slices in vitro to characterize the interlaminar microcircuitry of posterior cingulate cortex. Neuroanatomic and electrophysiologic data indicate that subiculocingulate tract (SCT) afferents monosynaptically excite apical dendrites of deep laminae (V-VI) neurons, evoking pure EPSPs, while superficial laminae (II/III-IV) neurons are driven polysynaptically, evoking a mixture of longer latency EPSPs and IPSPs. Consistent with this model, CSD analysis of field potential laminar profiles supports the conclusion that activation of excitatory subicular afferent terminal fields in superficial laminae of cingulate cortex elicits primary monosynaptic activation of apical dendrites of deep lamina (V-VI) pyramids. Subsequent EPSP propagation to the somata of these pyramids generated synchronous action potential discharges which appeared to elicit delayed polysynaptic activation of superficial laminae pyramids and interneurons. Latency differences between SCT-stimulus-evoked EPSPs and action potentials in superficial and deep laminae were minimized by stimulus train frequencies of 5-8 Hz, indicating that the proposed microcircuitry can show functional tuning at frequencies characteristic of hippocampal neuronal activity (theta). Such tuning suggests that hippocampal output activity frequency and phase locked to theta rhythm will be preferentially gated through cingulate cortex.

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