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J Am Coll Surg. 1994 Apr;178(4):401-3.

Gasless laparoscopy using a planar lifting technique.

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University of California, Davis-East Bay Program, Oakland.


In clinical use, the mechanical lifting technique has demonstrated the ability to displace the abdominal wall and create a useful cavity for visualization and surgical manipulation. By forming a planar ceiling, as opposed to the domed ceiling of conventional pneumoperitoneum, the abdominal organs are brought into closer proximity of the surgeon. Instrument length may be shortened, imparting greater surgical control. Without the necessity for gas sealing, entry portals are simplified. Conventional instruments (right angle clamps) may be introduced through the fan retractor insertion sites or by way of separate stab incisions. The planar lifting technique has the potential for simplifying laparoscopy and restoring instrument control to the operating surgeon.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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