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Am J Ment Retard. 1994 Jan;98(4):490-8.

Long-term morbidity and management strategies of tracheal aspiration in adults with severe developmental disabilities.

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School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo.


The feeding skills and health of 73 adults with severe developmental disabilities who aspirated were examined between 1986 and 1990. Sixty individuals had profound mental retardation (82%) and 48, cerebral palsy (66%). Modified barium swallow studies, esophagrams and gastric follow-throughs were completed on 67 clients (92%). Twenty adults aspirated barium. Aspiration was specific for barium texture in 8 (40%). Mobility, level of mental retardation, or feeding skills did not discriminate those who aspirated. Mealtime respiratory distress (65%) or chronic lung disease (55%), however, were significantly associated with aspiration. More studies are needed on the early identification and management of aspiration.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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