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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1994 Mar 30;199(3):1489-96.

Porphyromonas gingivalis trypsin-like protease: a possible natural ligand for the neutrophil formyl peptide receptor.

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Department of Oral Biology, State University of New York at Buffalo 14214.


Porphyromonous gingivalis is a periodontopathic Gram-negative anaerobe associated with chronic adult periodontitis. P. gingivalis proteases are considered important virulence factors in the pathogenesis of periodontal diseases. In addition, defective bactericidal activity of neutrophils has also been observed in periodontitis. In this report we describe the effects of trypsin-like protease(s) secreted from P. gingivalis cells on the ligand binding of FMLP receptor on neutrophils. It was observed that trypsin-like protease(s) from P. gingivalis stimulate neutrophils by means of superoxide anion production. Subsequently, the proteases were found to cleave the FMLP receptor protein as evident by direct labeling of the FMLP receptor molecule. These results suggest that trypsin-like protease(s) secreted from P. gingivalis cells contribute to attenuate the bactericidal activity of neutrophils by cleaving the polypeptide chain of the FMLP receptor molecule. The finding that neutrophils after the incubation with P. gingivalis released protease preparation fail to respond to further stimulation by FMLP suggests that P. gingivalis trypsin-like protease(s) may be a possible ligand for the FMLP receptor.

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