Send to

Choose Destination
Agents Actions. 1993 Sep;40(1-2):124-8.

Effect of tetracyclines which have metalloproteinase inhibitory capacity on basal and heparin-stimulated bone resorption by chick osteoclasts.

Author information

Division of Rheumatology, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, NY 11042.


Several tetracyclines (TETs) are potent inhibitors of collagenase (CGase) and can inhibit connective tissue degradation in a variety of inflammatory and degenerative disorders. The role of CGase in bone resorption by osteoclasts (OC) remains unclear. Disaggregated OCs from chick embryos were cultured for 24 h on devitalized bovine cortical bone +/- heparin in the presence of various TETs. Doxycycline (Dox) inhibited pit formation in a dose-dependent manner. CMT, a TET derivative which inhibits matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) but is not antimicrobial, also inhibited chick OC bone resorption. Heparin markedly stimulated bone resorption at 5 micrograms/ml, which was reversed by Dox, 5 micrograms/ml. TETs can reversibly inhibit both basal and heparin-stimulated bone resorption by chick OCs. These findings suggest that MMPs may play a role in osteoclastic bone resorption, and that safe and effective inhibitors of MMPs, including certain TETs, might have a potential therapeutic role.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center