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Z Kardiol. 1994 Jan;83(1):50-9.

[Effect of nisoldipine and diltiazem on systolic and diastolic function of the left ventricle in patients with coronary heart disease].

[Article in German]

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Medizinische Universit├Ątsklinik, Bonn.



Calcium channel blockers have a negative inotropic effect and protract the relaxation of the normal myocardium. These effects may vary in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and with the different kinds of calcium antagonists. In the present study we therefore compared the hemodynamic effects of intravenously given equihypotensive dosages of diltiazem (D) and nisoldipine (N) in patients with CAD.


Each group contained 10 patients. After administration of a bolus of 300 micrograms/kg (D) and 5 micrograms/kg (N) respectively and following continuous infusion of 5.4 micrograms/kg/min (D) and 0.2 micrograms/kg/min (N) respectively, the mean arterial pressure was reduced by 15.5 +/- 6.0 (D) and 16.6 +/- 4.1 (N) mm Hg. Atrial pacing was performed in all patients to avoid reflectory heart rate effects. The pulmonary artery pressure decreased slightly with both drugs, whereas the cardiac index increased only with the use of N from 3.44 l/min x m2 to 3.93 l/min x m2. A significant change in the maximal rate of rise of left ventricular pressure (dP/dt max) as an index for inotropy was not detected for N or for D. The parameters of the diastolic function (the time constant of ventricular relaxation (tau) and the maximum rate of left ventricular isovolumic pressure decline (dP/dt min)) also did not indicate unequivocal drug effects. Doppler echocardiography of the mitral valve flow was performed simultaneously with invasive pressure measurements. The flow propagation derived from the color-M-mode correlated significantly with tau and was slightly improved by D.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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