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Hawaii Med J. 1994 Jan;53(1):12-4, 22.

Retinopathy of prematurity: incidence and severity in Hawaii.

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Department of Surgery, Kapiolani Medical Center for Women and Children, Honolulu, HI 96826.


Because survival of low birth-weight infants requiring intensive care has improved recently, particularly since the advent of exogenous surfactant therapy, we reviewed our experience at Kapiolani Medical Center for Women and Children (KMCWC) from 1989 to 1991 to determine if the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a serious long-term complication, had also increased. During this 3-year period, threshold disease, the ROP stage in which cryosurgery is recommended, occurred only in infants < or = 1000 grams. Seventy-four infants < or = 1000 grams were diagnosed with ROP of any stage. Sixteen eyes (9 infants) reached threshold; 14 were treated with cryosurgery. Six of these eyes have useful vision on follow up; 8 do not. Exogenous surfactant therapy had no significant effect on ROP incidence or severity in our series. Although ROP incidence did not increase during this review period, it remains a serious problem in high-risk premature infants in our Newborn Intensive Care Unit.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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