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Cell Transplant. 1993 Mar-Apr;2(2):123-9.

Sertoli cell-enriched fractions in successful islet cell transplantation.

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1
Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Memphis, TN 38104.

Abstract

Prolonged survival of Islet- allo- and xenografts can be induced following implantation of the islets into the abdominal testis of diabetic rats. We previously showed that a factor released by Sertoli cells appears to be responsible for the protection of the intratesticular islet allo- and xenografts against rejection. The aim of this study was to examine whether an immunologically privileged site can be established in an organ site in vivo, other than the testis, such as the renal, subcapsular space, to make feasible the grafting of female recipients as well. A total of 36 male and 21 female, diabetic, PVG rats were divided into six different treatment groups: 1) Six male rats were grafted with islets from Sprague-Dawley (S-D) donor rats only. 2) Ten male rats were grafted with islets from (S-D) donors and were then given a short course of cyclosporine (CsA) posttransplantation. 3) Ten male rats were grafted with islets from (S-D) donors and with Sertoli cell-enriched fractions (SEF) from PVG donors but without CsA. 4) Ten male rats were grafted with a combination of islets from (S-D) and SEF from (PVG), donors, respectively, and CsA. 5) Ten female rats were given an identical combination of cells and CsA as depicted for group 5. 6) Ten female rats were grafted with a combination of islets and SEF, both cell types from S-D donors, and CsA. The results showed that 70% to 100% of the grafted rats in groups 1, 2, and 3 remained hyperglycemic.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
8143079
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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