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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1994 Mar;170(3):862-9.

A prospective study of heparin-induced osteoporosis in pregnancy using bone densitometry.

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Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver 80262.



Our purpose was to evaluate the subclinical occurrence of heparin-induced osteoporosis in pregnancy, by means of bone densitometry.


A prospective, consecutive cohort of 14 pregnant women requiring heparin therapy and 14 pregnant controls matched for age, race, and smoking status was identified by 20 weeks' gestation at a university medical center. Proximal femur bone density measurements were taken at baseline, immediately post partum, and 6 months post partum in the cases and controls. Vertebral measurements were also obtained on both groups immediately post partum and 6 months post partum. Bone density as a function of heparin dosing and duration was examined. Nonparametric statistical tests were used for all comparisons.


Five of 14 cases (36%) had a > or = 10% decrease from the baseline proximal femur measurements to immediate postpartum values versus none of the 14 matched controls (p = 0.04). Mean proximal femur bone density measurements also decreased in the cases (p = 0.01); this difference continued to be statistically significant 6 months post partum (p = 0.03). No dose-response relationship could be demonstrated.


Heparin adversely affected bone density in about one third of exposed patients.

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