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Sex Transm Dis. 1994 Jan-Feb;21(1):31-5.

Characterization of patients accepting and refusing routine, voluntary HIV antibody testing in public sexually transmitted disease clinics.

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1
Baltimore City Health Department, MD 21202.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

To determine the proportion of HIV-infected sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic patients identified during routine, voluntary HIV counseling and testing and to characterize patients accepting and refusing counseling and testing, we linked data from a blinded HIV seroprevalence survey to data from the HIV counseling and testing program.

GOAL OF THIS STUDY:

This study characterizes patients accepting and refusing routine HIV counseling and testing in two public STD clinics.

STUDY DESIGN:

A cross-sectional, blinded HIV seroprevalence survey was conducted of 1,232 STD clinic patients offered HIV counseling and testing.

RESULTS:

HIV seroprevalence was higher among patients who refused voluntary testing (7.8% versus 3.6%, P = 0.001). Patients who refused testing were more likely to report a prior HIV test (45.6% versus 27.2%; P < 0.001). Among patients reporting a prior HIV test, differences were noted between reported prior results, both positive and negative, and blinded results.

CONCLUSIONS:

HIV-infected STD patients may not be detected by routine HIV testing, and self-reported HIV results should be confirmed.

PMID:
8140486
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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