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Endocrinology. 1994 Apr;134(4):1812-9.

Processing and targeting of a molluscan egg-laying peptide prohormone as revealed by mass spectrometric peptide fingerprinting and peptide sequencing.

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Graduate School Neurosciences Amsterdam, Research Institute Neurosciences Vrije Universiteit, Faculty of Biology, The Netherlands.


The neuroendocrine cerebral caudodorsal cells of Lymnaea stagnalis initiate and coordinate ovulation and egg mass production and associated behaviors through the release of a complex set of peptides that are derived from the caudodorsal cell hormone-I (CDCH-I) precursor. We have previously characterized the CDCH-I peptide. In the present study, we isolated and amino acid sequenced by conventional peptide chemistry five additional peptides, epsilon-peptide, calfluxin, alpha-caudodorsal cell peptide, delta-peptide, and carboxyl-terminally located peptide, from the cerebral commissure, the neurohemal area of the caudodorsal cells. Fingerprinting by matrix-assisted laser desorption mass spectrometry of peptides in the commissure demonstrated the presence of all sequenced peptides and, in addition, could identify two other peptides derived from pro-CDCH-1, the beta 1- and beta 3-peptides. These findings together with previous immunocytochemical studies enabled us to define cleavage sites and major processing events of pro-CDCH-1. Pro-CDCH-1 is initially cleaved in the Golgi apparatus into carboxyl- and amino-terminal parts, each of which is sorted into distinct vesicle classes that traffic to different intracellular sites. As a result, in the commissure, peptides derived from the carboxyl-terminal part, including CDCH-1, are present at a many-fold higher concentration than those derived from the amino-terminal part.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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