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FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 1993 Dec;7(4):345-54.

Immunosuppression induced by Salmonella involves inhibition of tyrosine phosphorylation in murine T lymphocytes.

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1
Department of Microbiology, Meiji College of Pharmacy, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

It is well known that facultative intracellular pathogens such as Salmonella suppress the host immune system. In the present study we attempted to clarify the mechanism responsible for the suppression of T-cell proliferation in mice infected with Salmonella typhimurium. The proliferation of murine spleen cells stimulated with a T-cell mitogen such as phytohemagglutinin (PHA) or concanavalin A (ConA) was significantly suppressed when the mice were infected with S. typhimurium, but not with Escherichia coli. The suppression of T-cell proliferation did not necessarily parallel the level of interleukin-2 (IL-2) secretion, and was not restored by treatment with a calcium ionophore, indomethacin or IL-2. Only phorbol 12-myristate-13 acetate (PMA), an activator of protein kinase C (PKC), caused a slight recovery of cell proliferation with an augmentation of IL-2 secretion. Furthermore, Western blotting using anti-phosphotyrosine antibodies showed that the mitogen-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of 120-, 106-, 94-, 76-, 68- and 57-kDa proteins in murine splenic T-cells was inhibited by S. typhimurium infection. Also, the inhibition of tyrosine phosphorylation was not restored by treatment with PMA. These results suggest that the suppression of T-cell proliferation induced by Salmonella infection may be regulated by inhibition of tyrosine phosphorylation in T-cells, although the inhibition is not associated with PKC activation and subsequent IL-2 secretion of T cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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