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J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1994 Apr;7(4):319-24.

Functional comparison between HTLV-I envelopes originating from TSP/HAM or ATL cell lines.

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CNRS URA 1156, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France.


The human T-cell leukemia type I (HTLV-I) virus is associated with two different diseases, adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) and tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV-I-associated myelopathy (TSP/HAM). We have compared the viral envelopes originating from TSP/HAM and ATL patients, using the capacity of infected cells to form syncytia with receptor-expressing cells. We show that like the ATL cell lines, the TSP/HAM ones can form syncytia with a large panel of human target cells, including a variety of hematopoietic cell lines, as well as cell lines of neuroectodermal origin. None of the target cell lines tested was able to discriminate between TSP/HAM- and ATL-infected cell lines. When infected cells of TSP/HAM origin are cocultivated with cells of ATL origins, syncytia are never observed. This interference phenomenon suggests that the viruses expressed by the different cell lines utilize the same receptor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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