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J Biol Chem. 1994 Mar 25;269(12):9352-60.

Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-3 (TIMP-3) is an extracellular matrix-associated protein with a distinctive pattern of expression in mouse cells and tissues.

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Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.


We have isolated cDNA clones corresponding to a novel mouse metalloproteinase inhibitor. Five overlapping cDNA clones contain most of the information for a prominent 4.5-kilobase transcript that was detected in RNA from mouse fibroblasts and adult tissues. Sequence analysis revealed an open reading frame (ORF) for a protein of 212 amino acids that is 80% identical to chicken inhibitor of metalloproteinases-3 (ChIMP-3). The 3'-untranslated sequence also showed remarkable conservation with the chicken gene. The ORF directed the expression of a 24-kDa protein in COS-1 cells that localized to the extracellular matrix (ECM). On the basis of these similarities we propose to identify the new gene as murine tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-3 (TIMP-3). Mouse C3H 10T1/2 fibroblasts produced a 24-kDa metalloproteinase inhibitor that also localized to the ECM and was recognized by a polyclonal antibody to ChIMP-3. Like TIMP-1, TIMP-3 was highly inducible in mouse C3H 10T1/2 fibroblasts by phorbol ester (PMA), epidermal growth factor (EGF), and transforming growth factor-beta 1, but nuclear run-on assays showed that the on/off transcription kinetics were faster for TIMP-3 than TIMP-1. A major difference in vitro was the stimulation of expression of TIMP-3 by dexamethasone which inhibits EGF- and PMA-induced TIMP-1 transcription. Also, TIMP-3 showed a distinctive pattern of expression in adult tissues with abundant transcripts detected in kidney, lung, and brain but only low levels detected in bone, a prominent location of TIMP-1 transcripts. We propose that TIMP-3 functions in a tissue-specific fashion as part of an acute response to remodeling stimuli.

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