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Infection. 1993 Nov-Dec;21(6):413-21.

Safety and efficacy of ciprofloxacin in paediatric patients--review.

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1
Bayer AG, Pharma-Forschungszentrum, Wuppertal, Germany.

Abstract

Like all fluoroquinolones, ciprofloxacin causes articular damage in juvenile animals. Consequently, this drug was not recommended for children or pregnant women. However, due to its antibacterial effectiveness and convenience of oral administration, ciprofloxacin is now increasingly used for the treatment of certain infectious conditions in children and adolescents aged less than 18 years. In this paper the published literature on this subject is reviewed. Up to now, data are available on more than 1,500 paediatric patients who were given ciprofloxacin, two-thirds of whom were suffering from acute infectious bronchopulmonary exacerbations of cystic fibrosis, mainly due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The effectiveness of oral ciprofloxacin for this indication compared well to that of standard intravenous combination regimens. The majority of the remaining published trials was conducted in children with multiresistant typhoid fever; the administration of ciprofloxacin was successful in up to 100% of the cases. The safety profile of ciprofloxacin in children and adolescents was very similar to that observed in adult patients. Adverse events were noted in 5-15%, with gastrointestinal, skin and central nervous system reactions being the most common. Reversible arthralgia occurred in 36 out of 1,113 patients with cystic fibrosis, and in no case could cartilage damage be demonstrated by radiographic procedures. Thus, publication data clearly suggest that the administration of ciprofloxacin to children is effective and safe, but there is a need for further prospective, well-controlled clinical trials.

PMID:
8132376
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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