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Arch Fam Med. 1993 Apr;2(4):409-13.

Liver function test abnormalities in early Lyme disease.

Author information

1
Family Practice Residency Program, Middlesex Hospital, Middletown, Conn.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Lyme disease is a widespread, tick-borne, spirochetal infection with multiple organ system involvement Hepatic dysfunction has not been emphasized in the literature. We report clinical findings and laboratory abnormalities in 73 patients with the pathognomonic erythema migrans rash early in the course of the illness.

DESIGN:

Case series.

SETTING:

Offices of family physicians in private practice and the model offices of a family practice residency program in the lower Connecticut River valley, an area to which Lyme disease is endemic.

PATIENTS:

Thirty-seven female and 36 male patients with erythema migrans who had not yet been treated with antimicrobial agents.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Liver function tests.

RESULTS:

Twenty patients (27%) had liver function abnormalities. Elevation of gamma-glutamyltransferase was the most common finding. Only seven patients (9%) had a positive titer in response to the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for Lyme disease. Other laboratory and clinical findings are described.

CONCLUSION:

Subclinical hepatitis is a common finding in early Lyme disease.

PMID:
8130920
DOI:
10.1001/archfami.2.4.409
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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