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J Clin Periodontol. 1994 Jan;21(1):26-31.

Multiple forms of gelatinases/type IV collagenases in saliva and gingival crevicular fluid of periodontitis patients.

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Department of Periodontology, University of Helsinki, Finland.


The aim of the present study was to characterize the eventual presence and molecular forms of gelatinase/type IV collagenase activities in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and saliva in different forms of periodontitis; patients with clinically healthy periodontium served as controls. Enzyme activities were monitored electrophoretically by zymography using gelatin and type IV collagen as substrates and analyzed visually and/or densitometrically. Both saliva and GCF collected from adult periodontitis, localized juvenile periodontitis and type II diabetes mellitus periodontitis patients contained species moving identically with gelatinase isolated from human neutrophils or MMP-9 (mean 98 kD), and species with mobility similar to gelatinase in fibroblast cell culture supernatants or MMP-2 (mean 76 kD). Hitherto, undescribed high molecular weight forms (mean 128 kD), were found, possibly representing polymerized or complexed enzyme active/activated in situ in the gel matrix. Small molecular forms of gelatinases (mean 51 kD and 46 kD), unable to cleave type IV collagen, were also found, most likely representing in vivo proteolytically activated, truncated enzymes. Although multiple forms of gelatinases/type IV collagenases in saliva and GCF may take part in the tissue destruction in periodontitis, their profile judged according to molecular weights does not differentiate between different forms of periodontitis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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