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J Cell Biochem. 1994 Jan;54(1):1-10.

Catecholamine stimulated lipolysis in differentiated human preadipocytes in a serum-free, defined medium.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Port Elizabeth, South Africa.


Adipocyte precursors from the stromal vascular fraction of human adipose tissue were allowed to differentiate in serum-free defined medium, whereafter their catecholamine stimulated lipolytic response was compared to that of mature isolated human adipocytes. Seventy-five to ninety percent of the fibroblast-like cells accumulated lipid droplets and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activities of 1,000-2,800 mU/mg protein were measured in cell homogenates of differentiated cells. Lipolysis could be stimulated by both isoproterenol and norepinephrine in both differentiated preadipocytes as well as mature adipocytes. The results obtained with beta-adrenergic agents suggested the presence of a higher affinity receptor in differentiated preadipocytes as compared to mature adipocytes. Mature adipocytes responded well to beta-adrenergic agents, but no antilipolytic alpha 2-adrenergic response was observed in the differentiated preadipocytes. The presence of Gi proteins in the differentiated preadipocytes was suggested by the antilipolytic effect of adenosine as well as the lipolytic activity generated by pertussis toxin. In conclusion, our medium supported the differentiation of a very high percentage of human preadipocytes which developed a sensitive beta-adrenergic lipolytic response but which lacked an alpha 2-adrenergic antilipolytic response.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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