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Cancer Lett. 1994 Jan 15;76(1):5-9.

Effect of aspirin on incidence and growth of aberrant crypt foci induced in the rat colon by 1,2-dimethylhydrazine.

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1
Institute of Pharmacology, University of Genoa, Italy.

Abstract

The aim of this work was to investigate if the possible chemopreventive effect of aspirin (ASA) on rat colon carcinogenesis could be detected with a medium-term assay. The end-point chosen was the inhibition of incidence and growth of putative preneoplastic lesions, the aberrant crypt foci (ACF) induced in the rat colon by two administrations of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH, 25 mg/kg p.o.). At both 4 and 8 weeks after the starting of the carcinogenic treatment the incidence of total ACF was reduced of 60% in rats receiving ASA (10 mg/kg/day p.o.) for 12 consecutive days during the initiation treatment with DMH. Also the number of the larger foci (with 3 or more crypts) was significantly lower in ASA-treated rats at both time-points (about 70% reduction). Moreover, concomitant ASA treatment determined a significant decrease of the mean number of crypts per focus at week 8. These results indicate that the chemopreventive effect of ASA on chemically-induced rat colon carcinogenesis observed in long-term studies may be detected in this relatively short assay.

PMID:
8124666
DOI:
10.1016/0304-3835(94)90127-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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