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Nahrung. 1993;37(6):571-5.

Influence of water and ethanol extracts of the oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) on serum and liver lipids of the Syrian hamsters.

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Research Institute of Nutrition, Bratislava, Slovakia.


Extracts from the dried and ground fungus were prepared with water and with 30%, 60% and 85% ethanol, and thickened in vacuum. The whole fungus and extracts were added to the hyperlipidemic diet in amounts equivalent to 3% of the whole fungus. After 6 weeks the whole fungus, its water as well as 30% and 60% ethanol extracts have significantly reduced the contents of cholesterol (C) and triacylglycerols (TG) in the serum. The C and TG contents of the liver were reduced by 34-48% (in the case of TG insignificantly when applying the water and 60% ethanol extracts). The 85% ethanol extracts reduced the C and TG levels in both serum and liver statistically insignificantly by 18-22%. The reduction of serum C by addition of the whole fungus and its water and 30% ethanol extract was decisively affected by the reduction in the C contents in the very low density fraction of lipoproteins.

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