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Mol Gen Genet. 1994 Feb;242(4):421-30.

Genetic and biochemical properties of an extracellular neutral metalloprotease from Staphylococcus hyicus subsp. hyicus.

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Universität Tübingen, Germany.


The gene encoding the extracellular neutral metalloprotease ShpI from Staphylococcus hyicus subsp. hyicus was cloned. DNA sequencing revealed an ORF of 1317 nucleotides encoding a 438 amino acid protein with Mr of 49,698. When the cloned gene was expressed in Staphylococcus carnosus, a 42 kDa protease was found in the culture medium. The protease was purified from both S. carnosus (pCAshp1) and S. hyicus subsp. hyicus. The N-terminal amino acid sequences of the two proteases revealed that ShpI is organized as a pre-pro-enzyme with a proposed 26 amino acid signal peptide, a 75 amino acid hydrophilic pro-region, and a 337 amino acid extracellular mature form with a calculated Mr of 38,394. The N-termini showed microheterogeneity in both host strains. ShpI had a maximum proteolytic activity at 55 degrees C and pH 7.4-8.5. The protease, which had a low substrate specificity, could be inhibited by metal- and zinc-specific inhibitors, such as EDTA and 1,10-phenanthroline. Insensitivity to phosphoramidon separates ShpI from the thermolysin-like family. The conserved Zn2+ binding motif, the only homology to other proteases, and the reactivation of the apoenzyme by Zn2+, indicated that Zn2+ is the catalytic ion. Ca2+ very probably acts as a stabilizer. We also demonstrated the presence of a second extracellular protease in S. hyicus subsp. hyicus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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