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J Mol Biol. 1994 Mar 4;236(4):975-81.

20 S proteasomes are assembled via distinct precursor complexes. Processing of LMP2 and LMP7 proproteins takes place in 13-16 S preproteasome complexes.

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ZMBH, Universit├Ąt Heidelberg, FRG.


The non-essential mouse proteasome beta-type subunits LMP2 and LMP7 are thought to connect proteasomes to the MHC class I antigen processing pathway. Both subunits are synthesized as proproteins. We have studied the processing of both subunits, correlated with the maturation of 20 S proteasomes in mouse T cells. Our data show that proteasome assembly occurs via 13-16 S precursor complexes which possess a protein pattern distinct from that of 20 S proteasomes. Both LMP2 and LMP7 proproteins are processed within these preproteasome complexes and only their processed forms become part of active 20 S proteasomes. Our data show that the maturation and assembly of 20 S proteasomes via precursor particles is a translation-dependent gradual process, that processing of subunit proproteins takes place in these 13-16 S complexes and that subunit processing and proteasome formation occur together.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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