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J Neuroimmunol. 1994 Mar;50(2):159-65.

Immunoglobulin subclass distribution and binding characteristics of anti-GQ1b antibodies in Miller Fisher syndrome.

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University of Glasgow Department of Neurology, Southern General Hospital, Scotland, UK.


Circulating IgG antibodies to carbohydrate determinants on GQ1b ganglioside are found in the acute phase sera of patients with Miller Fisher syndrome, a variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome. Here we report that the IgG subclass distribution of the anti-GQ1b antibodies is mainly restricted to IgG1 and IgG3 antibodies, subclasses typically associated with a T cell-dependent immune response to protein antigens. This is highly unusual in that IgG responses to carbohydrate determinants are typically of the IgG2 subclass. Anti-GQ1b antibodies also have a limited ability to bind GQ1b in a membrane-like environment, particularly at body temperature. These data suggest that the antigen initiating the immune response in MFS is not likely GQ1b but an unidentified cross-reactive glycoprotein antigen(s). Similar results were obtained for anti-GM1 IgG antibodies in Guillain-Barré syndrome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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