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Biometrics. 1993 Dec;49(4):1056-66.

Regression dilution in the proportional hazards model.

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Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Biostatistics, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.


The problem of regression dilution arising from covariate measurement error is investigated for survival data using the proportional hazards model. The naive approach to parameter estimation is considered whereby observed covariate values are used, inappropriately, in the usual analysis instead of the underlying covariate values. A relationship between the estimated parameter in large samples and the true parameter is obtained showing that the bias does not depend on the form of the baseline hazard function when the errors are normally distributed. With high censorship, adjustment of the naive estimate by the factor 1 + lambda, where lambda is the ratio of within-person variability about an underlying mean level to the variability of these levels in the population sampled, removes the bias. As censorship increases, the adjustment required increases and when there is no censorship is markedly higher than 1 + lambda and depends also on the true risk relationship.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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