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Curr Opin Rheumatol. 1993 Nov;5(6):732-41.

New advances in inclusion-body myositis.

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1
University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles.

Abstract

The major new advances in seeking the pathogenic mechanisms of sporadic inclusion-body myositis and hereditary inclusion-body myopathy are discussed. Hypotheses are presented regarding the possible causes and significance of amyloid deposits in sporadic inclusion-body myositis and the roles of abnormally accumulated ubiquitin, beta-amyloid protein, beta-amyloid precursor protein, alpha 1-antichymotrypsin, hyperphosphorylated tau, and prion protein in the vacuolated muscle fibers in both sporadic inclusion-body myositis and hereditary inclusion-body myopathy. Because hereditary inclusion-body myopathy is virtually free of Congophilic amyloid deposits but, like sporadic inclusion-body myositis, contains large accumulations of beta-amyloid protein, it is possible that the lesions in hereditary inclusion-body myopathy may represent "early" changes. There are striking similarities between the pathology of inclusion-body myositis muscle and brains affected by Alzheimer's disease in regard to accumulation of ubiquitin, beta-amyloid protein and its precursor protein, alpha 1-antichymotrypsin, and hyperphosphorylated tau.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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