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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1994 Feb 15;198(3):827-34.

The growth regulation of neurofibroma cells in neurofibromatosis type-1: increased responses to PDGF-BB and TGF-beta 1.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

In neurofibromatosis type-1 (NF-1), abnormal growth regulation may be related to the formation of multiple neurofibromas. We investigated the growth responses of neurofibroma-derived cells (NF cells) and control skin fibroblasts to various growth factors. The responses to platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF-BB) and transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) in NF cells were significantly greater than those in control fibroblasts. The increased response to PDGF-BB in NF cells was accompanied by an increased number of PDGF beta receptors, which was demonstrated by both 125I PDGF-BB binding assay and immunoblotting analysis. The increased response to TGF-beta 1 was assumed to be mediated through PDGF-like protein induction; TGF-beta 1-treated NF cells produced greater amounts of 36-kD PDGF-like protein than TGF-beta 1-treated control fibroblasts. These observations suggest that certain growth factors, e.g., PDGF-BB and TGF-beta, may play some role in the development of neurofibromas in NF-1.

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