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Int J Dev Neurosci. 1993 Oct;11(5):603-12.

Transplantation of oligodendrocyte precursors in the adult demyelinated spinal cord: migration and remyelination.

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INSERM U-134, Hôpital de la Salpêtrière, Paris, France.


A demyelinating lesion induced by an injection of lysolecithin into the spinal cord can be partly repaired by oligodendrocyte precursors transplanted at a distance of 6-8 mm from the lesion. Using a non-toxic fluorescent dye (Hoechst 33342) as a cell marker, we demonstrate that transplanted oligodendrocyte precursors from different origins (periventricular zone fragments from newborn mouse and cultured rat oligodendrocyte progenitor cells) can migrate along specific pathways (i.e. white matter fasciculi, ependymal wall, meninges and blood vessels). These cells can be attracted when passing at the vicinity of the lesion as well as differentiate and remyelinate axons with the lesion. Myelin repair thus appears to be the result of distinct successive events: migration, specific attraction, differentiation and myelination. This can occur in both shiverer and normal adult hosts.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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