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Vision Res. 1994 Jan;34(1):73-8.

The architecture of perceptual spatial interactions.

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Department of Neurobiology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.


Lateral interactions between spatial filters were explored with a lateral masking paradigm. Contrast sensitivity (two-alternative forced-choice) for a Gabor signal in the presence of two flanking high contrast Gabor signals (masks) was measured. When the target to mask distance was less than 2 target wavelengths the contrast sensitivity decreased up to a factor of two relative to a no mask condition. At larger separations, up to eight wavelengths, an increase in contrast sensitivity occurred. This increase was maximal at separation distances of 2-3 wavelengths, where sensitivity increased by a factor of two. However, the enhancement magnitude and range was dependent on the offset between the Gabor signal orientation and the direction defined by the virtual line connecting the two masks (global orientation). Maximal effects occurred when this offset was zero (100% increase in sensitivity) and 90 deg (50% increase). A 45 deg offset yielded only a small enhancement (20%). The enhancement dependence on spatial arrangement was found to be invariant across different global orientations (meridian). This pattern of interactions may be involved in grouping colinear line segments into smooth curves.

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