Send to

Choose Destination
Virology. 1994 Feb 15;199(1):188-99.

Studies of a putative amphipathic helix in the N-terminus of poliovirus protein 2C.

Author information

Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, State University of New York at Stony Brook 11794-5222.


Poliovirus protein 2C contains near its N-terminus a putative amphipathic helix which is well conserved among picornaviruses. Three mutants were constructed within this region by site-directed mutagenesis. In the first mutant (pT7XL2-2C-N1) two glutamic acids were replaced with valines at the boundary of the charged and uncharged faces of the helix. The second mutant (pT7XL2-2C-N2) contains an isoleucine to lysine change in the hydrophobic half; in the third mutant (pT7XL2-2C-N3) two lysines were replaced with threonines in the hydrophilic half of the helix. Upon transfection of HeLa cells with RNA transcripts made from these plasmids only pT7XL2-2C-N1 yielded viable virus (W1-2C-N1) which had a small-plaque phenotype. A large-plaque revertant of this virus, W1-2C-N1R, was found to contain the original glutamic acid at one of the mutated sites (E19). There is no detectable minus-stranded RNA synthesis following transfection of HeLa cells with transcript RNAs of the other two plasmids, pT7XL2-2C-N2 and -N3. In vitro translation of these two mutant RNA transcripts in HeLa extracts revealed processing abnormalities in the P2/P3 region of the polyprotein. This leads to a nearly complete absence of 2C and 3AB, which might be the primary cause of defective viral RNA synthesis. The putative amphipathic helix was found to overlap a consensus binding site for double-stranded RNA.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center