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Virology. 1994 Feb 15;199(1):160-8.

Studies with cross-linking reagents on the oligomeric form of the paramyxovirus fusion protein.

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Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Cell Biology, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208-3500.


The oligomeric form of the paramyxovirus simian virus 5 (SV5) fusion (F) glycoprotein has been examined by using chemical cross-linking and sucrose density gradient fractionation. In addition, chemical cross-linking was used to examine the kinetics of assembly of the F oligomer. Analysis by SDS-PAGE on 3.5% gels of the cross-linked F molecules indicated three major species with calculated molecular weights of M(r) approximately 65, M(r) approximately 130, and M(r) approximately 195 kDa, suggesting F monomers, dimers, and trimers, respectively. The cross-linked F species of M(r) approximately 195 kDa migrated on gels faster than influenza virus hemagglutinin trimers and between the dimeric and tetrameric forms of paramyxovirus hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN). Furthermore, the F protein oligomer was found to sediment slower than the HN tetramer on sucrose gradient centrifugation. SDS-PAGE analysis of the cross-linked F protein of Newcastle disease virus and human parainfluenza virus 3 showed a pattern very similar to that found for SV5. The data are consistent with those expected for the paramyxovirus F protein being a homotrimer.

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