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Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 1993 Dec;20(4):313-27.

A2a adenosine receptor gene expression in developing rat brain.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Developmental Chronobiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02114.

Abstract

Adenosine is a neuromodulator in the adult central nervous system. Membrane-bound receptors for adenosine have been identified and cDNAs for A1, A2a, A2b, and A3 adenosine receptor subtypes have been cloned recently. The present study documents the developmental appearance of A2a adenosine receptor gene expression in the rat brain. In situ hybridization using 35S-labeled RNA probes generated from the rat A2a adenosine receptor cDNA revealed receptor gene expression in the striatum on gestational day (GD) 14. Developmental alterations in the pattern of receptor gene expression within the striatum suggest that this receptor mRNA is expressed by striatal neurons soon after they complete neurogenesis. Transient expression of the A2a adenosine receptor mRNA was observed in cerebral cortex, subiculum, parafascicularis nucleus of the thalamus, facial nucleus, trigeminal nucleus, locus coeruleus, area postrema, anterior pituitary gland and in the fetal cerebral vasculature. The ganglia of cranial nerves V, VII, VIII, IX and X expressed A2a adenosine receptor mRNA in fetuses; adults have not been examined. A2a adenosine receptor mRNA was expressed in the carotid body and intermediate lobe of the pituitary during development and also in adult rats. Northern blot analysis revealed that the A2a adenosine receptor transcript is consistent in size (ca 2.5 kb) across the developmental period examined (GD 14 through adult). Previous studies in adult rats have reported that A2a adenosine receptor gene expression is limited to a population of striatal medium spiny neurons. This study documents early developmental expression of the A2a adenosine receptor gene in the striatum and its transient expression elsewhere in the brain and cerebral vasculature. If the A2a adenosine receptor mRNA is translated into receptor protein shortly after the mRNA is expressed, adenosine could influence neuronal differentiation, migration, synaptogenesis, and angiogenesis. Expression of A2a adenosine receptor mRNA in cranial ganglia, carotid body, and intermediate lobe of the pituitary gland similarly suggests novel sites of adenosine action during development and in the adult.

PMID:
8114618
DOI:
10.1016/0169-328x(93)90058-w
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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