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Gene. 1994 Feb 11;139(1):19-26.

In-frame linker insertion mutagenesis of yeast transposon Ty1: phenotypic analysis.

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Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205.


A plasmid bearing a transpositionally functional GAL1::Ty1 fusion was mutagenized by insertion of four or five codons semirandomly throughout the plasmid. This collection of mutant plasmids was introduced into yeast cells and studied with regard to the properties of the mutant Ty1-encoded proteins and the transposition phenotypes observed. All of the transposition-inactivating mutations were previously found to be recessive with the exception of a single mutation in TYA. In this mutant, TYA protein of normal abundance is produced, but the virus-like particles containing this protein are unstable and have aberrant behavior. The effects of mutations in noncoding regions, as well as the capsid protein coding region TYA, and the regions encoding the protease, integrase and reverse transcriptase proteins are described. Effects on gene expression, types of proteins produced, proteolysis of precursor proteins, virus-like particle structure, and biochemical activities of the encoded proteins are summarized. In addition, we show that one of the mutations in the 3' LTR represents a new nonessential site into which foreign marker DNA can be inserted without compromising transposition.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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